Through Train Ipo Connect Hong Kong

Through train ipo connect hong kong

Hong Kong's rail network mainly comprises public transport trains operated by the MTR Corporation Limited (MTRC).

Through train ipo connect hong kong

The MTRC operates the metro network of Hong Kong and the commuter rail network connecting the northeastern and northwestern New Territories to the urban area. The operations of the territory's two leading railway companies, MTRC and the Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation (KCRC), were merged in 2007 on grounds of economies of scale and cost effectiveness.

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The Hong Kong Government has an explicit stated transport policy of using the railway as its transport backbone.[1]

In addition to the MTR network, there are several smaller railways run by different operators, including the Peak Tram and the Hong Kong Tramways.

History[edit]

The first mode of rail transport in Hong Kong was the Peak Tram, serving The Peak, the Mid-levels and the city centre since 1888.

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Tram started service along the northern coast of the Hong Kong Island in 1904. The British Section of the Kowloon-Canton Railway (later the KCR East Rail), a conventional railway, was opened in 1910.

It was not until 1979 that a rapid transit system, the MTR, was opened.

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Three years later, the British Section of the Kowloon-Canton Railway began its transition towards electrification, changing it into a commuter rail, and eventually providing rapid transit-like service. The Light Rail Transit (LRT, now the MTR Light Rail) began its operation in the Tuen Mun and Yuen Long new towns in 1988. The two railway companies, MTR Corporation Limited and Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation, merged in 2007 to form a single rapid transit network.

In 2018, the Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong High Speed Railway opened to connect Hong Kong with the Mainland Chinese high speed network through a 26 km tunnel within Hong Kong to West Kowloon Station.

It has many train services to many Mainland Chinese cities such as Beijing, Guangzhou and Shenzhen.

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There are several extensions planned or under construction, such as the Sha Tin to Central Link.

MTR[edit]

Main article: MTR

See also: Rapid transit in Hong Kong

The MTR network comprises 10 lines, 89 railway stations and 68 Light Rail stops:

This system makes about $2 billion in profit in 2014 which is mainly generated from its property holding and development business.[2] Its portfolio include two of the city's tallest skyscrapers.[2]

Trams[edit]

Note that the MTRC Light Rail system (see above) has many of the attributes of a tramway, including street running.

Cross-border services[edit]

High speed rail[edit]

A high-speed rail link connects Hong Kong with Shenzhen and Guangzhou in mainland China.

The Hong Kong section of the Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link (sometimes abbreviated "XRL HK section") is a 26-km long stretch of high-speed rail that links Hong Kong to mainland China.

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The Hong Kong section opened for commercial service on 23 September 2018.[3] From West Kowloon Terminus, trains run through regional stations in Guandong Province, including Futian, Longhua (Shenzhen North), and Humen, to Guangzhou South Station and other cities in other provinces.[4][5]

With the completion of the rail link, the journey times have been reduced to 14 minutes between West Kowloon and Futian stations, 23 minutes between Hong Kong and Shenzhen North and 48 minutes between Hong Kong and Guangzhou South.[6] The service is a cooperation between the MTR Corporation and CR Guangzhou.

West Kowloon Station is served by both short-distance and long-haul train services. Short-distance services consist of a frequent service to mainland Chinese cities in neighbouring Guangdong province, including Shenzhen, Dongguan and Guangzhou, while long-distance services link Hong Kong to at least 16 major destinations in mainland China, including Beijing West, Shijiazhuang, Zhengzhou East, Wuhan, Changsha South and Shanghai Hongqiao.[7]

A new railway connecting Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Hong Kong was proposed in the late 1990s by the Government of Hong Kong.

This Regional Express Railway (RER) proposal was developed in the 1994 “Railway Development Study” (RDS); it foresaw a continual growth of Hong Kong's population over the next two decades and strong demand for cross-border passenger traffic.[8] By 2002, the concept of “regional express” gained further development and the proposal was advanced to be a high-speed rail line.[9] Construction of the Hong Kong section began in 2010.

Following delays and controversies,[10][11][12] West Kowloon station was formally opened on 4 September 2018 and high speed trains started to run on the rail link to destinations in Mainland China from 23 September 2018.[13]

Guangdong through train[edit]

Main article: Guangzhou-Kowloon through train

Commonly known as through train (chi.

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直通車), the MTRC and railway companies of mainland China jointly provide cross-border train services from Hung Hom station, Kowloon, sharing most of the tracks with the East Rail line, to destinations in mainland China through neighbouring Shenzhen on three Through Train routes, namely Beijing line (to/from Beijing), Shanghai line (to/from Shanghai) and Guangdong line (to/from Zhaoqing and Guangzhou East). The Through Train is a legacy of Hong Kong's first railway, the Kowloon-Canton Railway.

It is operated through the rail network in mainland China, including the Guangshen railway and Jingguang railway.

Through train ipo connect hong kong

Automated People Mover[edit]

There is an Automated People Mover (APM),[14] a driverless electric train service, which is located at the basement level of Terminal 1 of Hong Kong International Airport.

It travels the length of the 750-metre concourse between the East Hall and West Hall on a circular mode. Running at a speed of 62 km per hour, each APM carries 304 passengers in four cars. The APM operates every 2.5 minutes from 0600 to 0030 hours every day.

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It transports passengers whose flights are located at the West Hall, Southwest and Northwest concourses.

Rail gauges and power supply[edit]

See also: Track gauges in Hong Kong

Rail gauges and power supply of Hong Kong rails.

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RailRail gaugePower supplyRemarksSignal systemHeight of platformWidth of widest car (mm)Loading gauge width (mm)Height of tallest car (mm)Height clearance Height of contact wire

(mm)

MTR    Island line,     South Island line,     Kwun Tong line,     Tseung Kwan O line,     Tsuen Wan line (collectively Urban Lines except for South Island Line)[15]1,432 mm (4 ft 8 38 in) (except for West Island Line, South Island Line, and Kwun Tong Line Extension)
(almost standard gauge)

1435 mm (West Island Line, South Island Line, and Kwun Tong Line Extension)

1500 V DC [1]overhead cableSACEM and SACEM-SICAS for TKL, all lines to be upgraded to SelTrac in the 2020s1100 mm (43.3 in)31183250 (with fixed platform gap filler) 3312 (without gap filler)

3940 (without platform)[16]

3700 (MTR Metro Cammell EMU (DC) without pantograph)

3910 (MTR Metro Cammell EMU (DC) with pantograph folded)

3755 mm (without pantograph)[16]

4100 mm (with pantograph folded)

(~4904 mm with pantograph folded in depots)

4200 mm (nominal and min., as built to same standards as Tung Chung Line and Airport Express);

(~5029 mm in depots)

MTR    Tung Chung line,     Airport Express (collectively known as Airport Railway)1,432 mm (4 ft 8 38 in)

(almost standard gauge)

1500 V DC (nominal) [2]; 1520 ± 20 V DC (in practice)[17]overhead cableSACEM, all lines to be upgraded to SelTrac in the 2020s1250 mm (49.2 in)[16]3118 (MTR Rotem EMU)3250 (with fixed platform gap filler) 3312 (without gap filler)

3940 (without platform)[16]

3700 (MTR Adtranz–CAF EMU without pantograph) 3755 mm (without pantograph)[16]

4100 mm (with pantograph folded)

(~4904 mm with pantograph folded in depots)

4200 mm (nominal and min.);

4224.78 mm (mean);

4230 mm (max.

on running lines)[17](~5029 mm in depot)

MTR    Disneyland Resort line1,432 mm (4 ft 8 38 in)

(almost standard gauge)

1500 V DC [3]overhead cableSelTrac CBTC/R UTO1100 mm (43.3 in)30963250 (with fixed platform gap filler) 3312 (without gap filler)

3940 (without platform)[16]

3700 (without pantograph)

3910 (with pantograph folded)

3755 mm (without pantograph)[16]

4100 mm (with pantograph folded)

(~4904 mm with pantograph folded in depots)

4200 mm (nominal and min., as built to same standards as Tung Chung Line and Airport Express);

(~5029 mm in depot)

(note: depot shared with Airport Railway)

MTR    East Rail line,     West Rail line,     Ma On Shan line (formerly operated by KCR/KCRC)1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
(Standard gauge)
25 kV ACoverhead cableelectrical supply same standard as railways in mainland China    East Rail line GEC-Alsthom TBL,Will be Resignal by Siemens Trainguard MT CBTC
    West Rail line,     Ma On Shan lineSelTrac CBTC DTO
3 ft 6 in (1066.8mm)[18]3220 (MTR Hyundai Rotem EMU)3250 (with fixed platform gap filler) 3300 (without gap filler)

~3900 (without platform)

4600

(Ktt Kinki Sharyo coach)[19]

16 ft 6 in (5029.2 mm) (with pantograph folded) 17 ft 4 in (5283.2 mm)[18] (nominal and minimum)
MTR    Light Rail (formerly operated by KCR/KCRC)1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
(Standard gauge)
750 V DCoverhead cableSiemensTrainguard IMU 100910 mm

(35.8 in)

26502670 5250 mm (with pantograph folded) 5300 mm (nominal and minimum)
Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link Hong Kong section1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
(Standard gauge)
25 kV ACoverhead cableeverything same standard as railways in mainland China1250 mm (49.2 in) 3380 3400 5250 mm (with pantograph folded) 5300 mm[20] (nominal and minimum)
Peak Tram1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in)
(Russian gauge)
N/AN/AFunicular
Hong Kong Tramways3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)550 V DCoverhead cableN/A 20 ft 8 in (6299.2 mm) (with trolley pole folded) (estimated) 21 ft (6400.8 mm) (estimated)
Hong Kong International Airport Automated People MoverN/A (Automated guideway transit) 3-phase 600 V ACThird RailSelTrac
Hong Kong Disneyland Railroad3 ft (914 mm)N/AN/Apowered by three steam-shaped diesel locomotives
Ocean ParkOcean Express [zh]1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
(Standard gauge)
N/AN/AFunicular

List of densely populated places without rail transport[edit]

MTR route map[edit]

Former systems[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Causeway Bay MTR station on the Island Line.
High speed train to Hong Kong departing Guangzhou South Station
MTR System Map with effect from 28 December 2016

Through train ipo connect hong kong